Nowadays, diabetes has become a very common disease among adults. It is a kind of metabolic disorder in which blood sugar or glucose levels rise.
Let’s also look at the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults and other abnormal symptoms of diabetes. The article also focuses on how to test for diabetes and what to do after the diagnosis.
Abnormal symptoms of diabetes and how to test for diabetes:
Diabetes is a condition in which glucose is not successfully converted into the necessary energy. The pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps break down glucose molecules into energy in food.
However, if this organ does not produce enough insulin or stops producing insulin, a state of diabetes develops. There may be a reason why the body becomes insulin resistant. And glucose in the form of energy may not reach the cells of the body.
There are two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that can be diagnosed at the age of adults and children. This type of diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes. During this type of diabetes, the cells of the pancreas that normally produce insulin are attacked by the body’s immune system.
Cells that produce insulin are called beta cells, and type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system begins to kill these precious cells. Therefore, the body stops producing insulin or produces an insufficient amount of insulin.
Therefore, type 1 diabetes symptoms are also called a kind of autoimmune condition. Doctors treat this type of diabetes with the help of insulin to keep the patient active. The cause of type 1 diabetes can be either genetic or viral.
Type 1 Symptoms
Moreover, symptoms of type 1 diabetes begin to appear in childhood in adults. There are a number of symptoms of type 1 diabetes that are clearly visible to the patient. The following are symptoms or conditions of type 1 diabetes that can appear suddenly in these patients.
- The patient increases the amount of thirst, not on a normal day.
- They will often feel the urge to urinate.
- Children show a change in wet that usually never happens.
- They may also face extreme starvation.
- Weight loss occurs abnormally in children or young people.
- They may face fatigue and weakness
- Blurry vision is another clear type 1 diabetes symptom for a child.
- In addition, it can be seen that there is a change in mood along with irritability factors in these children.
Consequences of Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms Your doctor may suggest that you balance your blood sugar levels with insulin. In addition, to prevent this type of diabetes, we suggest appropriate diet plans and lifestyle changes. Research shows that there are no effective treatments for type 1 diabetes and can be prevented by proper medication, diet and changing patient lifestyles.
However, it is a rare type of diabetes and people under 20 can develop diabetes. But they can begin the development of this condition at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
Type 2 diabetes is considered one of the common metabolic disorders in middle-aged people and even children. During this type of diabetes, body cells find it difficult to properly convert blood sugar or glucose into energy.
In other words, somatic cells have a strong resistance to insulin and usually develop in hyperglycemia. However, in type 2 diabetes, the cells are insulin resistant but treatable.
In adults, there are many abnormal symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Some of them are listed below.
- Let’s urinate often
- In addition, when you try to remove extra parts of sugar from the blood, urine comes out and dehydration increases thirst.
- One of the main abnormal symptoms of type 2 diabetes in adults is that they are always hungry. The reason for feeling hungry all the time is because the body’s cells can’t get enough glucose.
- Always tired because there is not enough sugar in body cells through the bloodstream.
- Another type 2 diabetes symptom is blood vessel damage present in the eye due to excess blood sugar. Therefore, diabetics have a blurred vision and, if not treated, there is a possibility of permanent vision loss.
- In addition, increased sugar levels in the blood slow the healing of wounds and wounds. Thus, symptoms of type 2 diabetes damage nerves and blood vessels.
- Paralysis of hands and feet with minimal blood circulation in the body is one of the prominent and unusual symptoms of type 2 diabetes in adults. Therefore, among many abnormal symptoms of diabetes, severe complications can occur due to tingling and pain in certain parts of the body. This condition is called neuropathy.
- Dark skin patches also appear on the skin.
- Patients with diabetes type 2 may also face yeast infections and itching in moist areas of the body, such as the armpits, mouth and genitals.
These abnormal symptoms of diabetes are warning signs and should not be ignored at any cost. Otherwise, the patient’s condition may worsen, which can lead to a number of other complications in the functioning of the body’s organs.
Another form of diabetes is called gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes can develop in some women during pregnancy. But this diabetes can end after the birth of the child. But sometimes gestational diabetes can also take the form of type 2 diabetes.
Increased blood sugar in the bloodstream is likely to affect the functioning of other organs. These organs include the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nerves.
If diabetes is not treated, some of these complications can be fatal. The complications mentioned below are evidence that they need to be treated early before diabetes worsens.
Deadly diseases caused by increased blood sugar:
- The higher the blood sugar in the bloodstream, the greater the risk of cardiovascular disease. This includes heart attack, heart attack, chest pain, elevated blood pressure and coronary artery stenosis.
- As mentioned earlier, the increase in blood sugar damages the small blood vessels that supply food in the form of energy to the nerves. In return, the blood circulation is irregular and uneven, which leads to paralysis of the hands, legs and feet.
- Nerve damage also damages the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. And this can lead to nausea, diarrhea or constipation and vomiting.
- Kidney damage is another major complication from untreated diabetes. Kidney function, which filters waste products from the blood, can also be affected, leading to serious conditions such as kidney failure.
There are many risk factors that increase the likelihood of type 1 diabetes. Some of them are listed below.
- Family history factors: There may be someone with a type 1 or type 2 disease in the family, such as a parent or sibling. If so, this condition also risks developing.
- Genetic Factors: If the disease is in the gene, it is more likely that the disease will occur at any stage of life.
- Geographical factors: You may also develop type 1 diabetes if you travel from the equator to other states.
- Age factor: Your age can be another risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. However, type 1 diabetes can appear at the same age as children between 4 and 7 years old and between 10 and 14 years old.
How to test for diabetes?
There are certain tests for diabetes that are used to measure the level or percentage of blood sugar. Let’s look at how to test for diabetes.
Here’s how to test for diabetes.
Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test:
This blood test does not require fasting. You will also know the rate of blood sugar in the last two to three months. Measures hemoglobin levels associated with sugar.
If your AIC level is 6.5%, you have diabetes. On the other hand, 5.7-6.4% of AIC or glycated hemoglobin shows prediabetes. On the other hand, less than 5.7 is considered normal.
If the AIC test is not available or the results are consistent despite the symptoms you are facing, you can also try other tests.
Random blood glucose test:
This test randomly checks blood sugar regardless of food intake. During a random blood glucose test, more than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL), and more than 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol / L) were found to have diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar test:
Then a blood glucose test is performed, in which the patient’s blood sample is fasted overnight, followed by blood collection. The following is a test result that shows whether a person is diabetic.
- A blood sugar level of 100 mg / dL (5.6 mmol / L) is normal.
- 100-125 mg / dL (5.6-6.9 mmol / L) indicates prediabetes.
- On the other hand, if your blood sugar levels are above 126 mg / dL (7 mmol / L), you have diabetes.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test:
Fasting blood sugar is checked after an overnight fast. Then the patient is given a sweet liquid and the blood sugar is periodically retested after the next two hours. Here are the percentages that indicate whether you have diabetes.
- If your blood sugar level is below 140 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L), it is normal.
- After 2 hours, if the patient’s blood sugar level is 200 mg / dL (11.1 mmol / L), he is diabetic.
- On the other hand, if the results show that a person has a blood sugar in the range from 140 to 199 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L and 11.0 mmol / L), this is a pre-diabetes stage.
If you experience one of the abnormal symptoms of diabetes mentioned above, you should see a doctor. However, changing your lifestyle can reduce these risks and symptoms.
Regular physical activity, such as exercise, healthy eating, and weight check can help get rid of diabetes in the early stages. Regularly monitoring all these factors and treating them in the best possible way can control your blood sugar.